Jim Larking was an iris Labor activist and was born on 28 January 1874 in slums of Liverpool, England. He acquired little formal education. He did casual jobs during his early life and it is during this period that he landed a job at Liverpool docks. Later he became its foreman. He disliked the way in which workers British labor union treated workers, and he felt the need to fight for their rights. He joined the national union of dork laborer, and by 1905 Jim Larkin was a full-time employees’ activist.
During his campaign as an employee’s ambassador, he pressed for employees better working condition, fair treatment, eight working hours and pension provision, and for both skilled and unskilled employees to form one strong labor union that would bargain for their collective rights. He gained interest in establishing and joining strong unions such as Iris labor party and workers union of Ireland. The objectives of the unions were to fight for employees’ benefits. The unions he headed used moderate methods of negotiation like conducting series of strikes and boycotting products. The most successful strike was in 1913 which lasted for almost a year and was participated by more than 100000 workers.
The journey to fair employment was not easy for Jim Larkin due to some challenges. These drawbacks include; lack of sufficient fund to carry on a successful worker’s strikes and push for other agendas. Besides, some members of British labor union did not like him because of his aggressiveness while others felt that the method he was using was sympathetic and too mild to win their rights. Additionally, criticism, the death of his wife, conviction, and deportation from United States where he was free to carry out his plans and push for his agendas also became a major drawback to him.
The hero of employee activism died on January 30th, 1947 at the age of 71 years. He will be remembered for actively liberating workers from unfair treatment by British labor union and for introducing effective and non-violent ways for employees to fight for their rights.